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Precautions to prevent transmission of HIV while engaging in sexual activity

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Precautions to forestall transmission of HIV whereas partaking in sexual exercise

Some frequent methods by means of which HIV spreads are unprotected intercourse (intercourse and not using a condom or HIV medication) or by means of sharing a chunk of injection gear with an HIV-positive affected person.

World AIDS Day 2021: Precautions to prevent transmission of HIV while engaging in sexual activity

Representational picture. PTI

World AIDS Day is noticed on 1 December yearly to boost consciousness about Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which is a serious public well being concern. The day was first noticed within the 12 months 1988 and is a chance for individuals to unite in preventing towards the virus, supporting these residing with HIV, and understanding info on defend themselves.

Some frequent methods by means of which HIV spreads are unprotected intercourse (intercourse and not using a condom or HIV medication) or by means of sharing a chunk of injection gear with an HIV-positive affected person.

If you’re residing with HIV, you possibly can have interaction in sexual exercise by taking precautions to forestall transmission by means of these strategies:

  • Guarantee to get common check-ups and start your remedy for HIV. Taking Anti-retroviral remedy assist to cut back an infection ranges within the physique. Additionally preserve a test of Sexually transmitted ailments (STDs) by monitoring your penis and vaginal discharges.
  • Speak to your associate and inform them in regards to the state of affairs. Be certain that each of you’re taking needed precautions.
  • Utilizing a latex male or feminine condom is efficient in stopping each HIV transmission and STDs. Nevertheless, abstinence is the one one hundred pc efficient option to forestall sexual transmission.
  • Medication similar to Pre-exposure prophylaxis could be taken by people who find themselves HIV detrimental, so as to cut back the chance of contracting HIV. Publish-exposure prophylaxis is one other drug that may be consumed to cut back the chance of an infection after publicity. The drug must be taken inside 72 hours of the publicity.
  • HIV doesn’t unfold by means of touching, by means of urine or by means of saliva. Oral intercourse, masturbation and erogenous play are different sexual strategies that carry little to no danger of HIV transmission.
  • There’s a very low danger of contracting HIV by means of oral intercourse, however so as to make it safer and keep away from getting the bacterial an infection within the mouth, all the time use a latex barrier similar to a non-lubricated condom or a dental dam.
  • Cuts and abrasions close to vaginas, rectums and the penis may cause the virus to enter one’s physique. Therefore, preserve a correct test on them too and keep away from intercourse if there’s a danger. Barrier strategies similar to damns and condoms together with utilizing lube can cut back the chance of cuts round delicate areas.
  • Use water-based lubes as a substitute of oil lubes as a result of it can lead to condom ripping or a condom tear.
  • Bear in mind to seek the advice of a physician to your issues and speak to them about prevention strategies.

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